Exterior Safety

Exterior Safety

Secured Operation (SO)

Physical barriers between students and public street. e.g. Fences, Trees, Walls, etc.

From the supporting literature (linked), fences and real barriers can effective against a determined crime.

Closed Campus (CC)

The school campus is secured requiring permission to enter.

From the supporting literature (linked), is important that school premises are properly secured with a fence or other means requiring permission to enter. All entry into school campuses should be controlled.

Outdoor Equipment

outdoor equipment accessible to students and teachers are safe.


1. Coulbourne, W. L., & Miller, J. (2012). Performance of school buildings in the Joplin, MO, Tornado. In Structures Congress 2012 (pp. 989-998).

2. Lanham III, J. W. (1999). Relating building and classroom conditions to student achievement in Virginia’s elementary schools (Doctoral dissertation).

3. Perumean-Chaney, S. E., & Sutton, L. M. (2013). Students and perceived school safety: The impact of school security measures. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 38(4), 570-588.

4. Tanner-Smith, E. E., & Fisher, B. W. (2016). Visible school security measures and student academic performance, attendance, and postsecondary aspirations. Journal of youth and adolescence, 45(1), 195-210. Chicago

5. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. (2012). Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Spring 2011 Tornadoes: April 25-28 and May 22 (FEMA P-908). Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). retrieve from: https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/25810

6. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. (1999). Building Performance Assessment Report. (FEMA 342). Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). retrieve from: https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1443-20490-7720/fema342.pdf