Lighting Extra Features

Lighting Extra Features

Lighting & Thermal Comfort (LTC)

The influence of the provided lighting (daylight and artificial lighting) on the thermal condition and comforts of classrooms is discussed. Color, reflection, and lighting shades impact classroom thermal comfort.

From the supporting literature (linked), there is an association between classroom lighting and thermal comfort. The amount of provided daylight, lighting color, reflection, diffusion, lighting shades, direct solar radiation and lighting fixtures influence thermal comfort of a classroom. Hence, adequate classroom illumination usually goes with appropriate classroom temperature and thermal comfort, thereby requiring less energy for heating, ventilation, and cooling.


1. Classroom design should reflect research-based technique.

2. The decision on color and lighting should be associated with students learning outcomes.

3. Involve the students in the decision making regarding classroom design.

4. Examine the impact of the different types of lighting systems and sources on students.

5. Consider the orientation of windows in the design of classrooms.

6. Avoid designing classrooms without windows.

7. Always use artificial light to complement natural lighting.

Lighting and Energy Performance (EP)

From the supporting literature (linked above), energy demand for classrooms is reduced by maximizing day lighting in the design and window orientation. This results in less use of lighting fixtures. The students’ health, performance, and behavior are improved, and there are increased savings. The savings come from a reduction in the cost of maintenance, operations, and energy use.


1. Maximize the use of natural light, but artificial light can be used to complement it.

2. Cool or warm white lamps are preferred because they are more efficient and less expensive than full-spectrum lamps.

3. Promote the use of LED lamps.

4. Research on lighting and its use should be based on suitability for task, building, neighborhood, energy efficiency, aesthetic and lighting system performance.

5. Adopt energy efficient lighting system.

6. Use motion detectors and low lighting lamps in places like storage and maintenance areas.

7. Use a trackable digital blind system that maximizes the use of natural light, energy efficient, and also shows blinds’ position and rate of change.

8. Promote the use of automated lighting control to reduce energy use.

Lighting in School Learning Environment (LSLE)

From the supporting literature (linked above), the educational environment and the physical sustainability of school buildings/classroom design impact learning and students achievement. Providing enough daylight through larger windows and using solar panels improve the energy efficiency and sustainability of school buildings. proper classroom lighting guarantees improved health, performance, safety, and a reduction in stress level.

Healthy Learning Environment (HLE)

Providing lighting and healthy learning environment to improve student physical and mental well-being.

From the supporting literature (linked), by providing many LEED criteria in school buildings, a healthier learning environment can be provided.

Full-Spectrum Lighting (FSL)

Full spectrum lighting is an electromagnetic lighting covering most parts of the wavelength (from infrared to near-ultraviolet). Full spectrum lighting can benefit human, animal, and plant. An instance of a source of full spectrum lighting is the sun.

From the supporting literature (linked), the influence of full-spectrum lighting on student performance is reviewed. There was no consistency on the use and efficiency of full-spectrum lighting. Full-Spectrum Fluorescent (FSL) Light was observed to be a treatment for a seasonal disorder, and by extension, immune disorder among students. Some associations observed with full-spectrum fluorescent light includes (a) full-spectrum lighting and students academic achievements. (b) Full-spectrum light and improved vision, perception and cognitive performance. (c) Full-spectrum light and improved students dental care, classroom behavior, improved seasonal depression and academic performance. However, it has been argued that Full-spectrum lamps have shorter lifespan hence, they are replaced frequently thereby incurring additional cost.


1. Use Full-spectrum light to improve students academic achievement.

2. Use full-spectrum fluorescent light because it could solve health challenges like hyperactive behavior and seasonal disorder.

3. Use Full-spectrum fluorescent light to improve dental care.

4. Researchers and facility managers should be more concerned with the suitability of lighting system and lamp for a particular task, building, performance, native culture, aesthetic, and energy efficiency.

5. Promote the use of full-spectrum light as complements to natural lighting.

Lighting & Color (LC)

This is also known as the “color temperature”. It is the color tint of the white light (which can be the color of Fluorescent, LED, or Incandescent).

From the supporting literature (linked), there is an effect of color and lighting on student learning, well-being, and behavior. Lighting color affects students behavior, performance, and blood pressure. Classroom design decisions on color and lighting should be associated with the students learning outcomes.


1. Classroom design should reflect research-based technique.

2. Involve the students in the decision making regarding classroom design.


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