Interior Safety

Interior Safety

Secured Building Entry (SBE)

Secured, operable, and used entry process into the building.

From the supporting literature (linked), providing secured building entry (such as detectors and visible security measures) negatively associated with student safety feeling.

Identifying Path for Exit Areas

Clear routes for exit areas are visible upon existing classroom.

From the supporting literature (linked above), classrooms closed to the exit area, as a health as safety features, is associated with student achievement and should be included in the design for renovated or replacement instructional facilities.

Identifying Path for Safe Rooms (IDS)

Clear routs for safe areas are visible upon existing classroom.

Visibility of the Interior of the Classroom from the Main Hall (VIC)

The interior of the classroom is exposed to main hallways.

Existence of Safe room (Saferoom)

The school provides a safe room or storm shelter area.


1. Coulbourne, W. L., & Miller, J. (2012). Performance of school buildings in the Joplin, MO, Tornado. In Structures Congress 2012 (pp. 989-998).

2. Lanham III, J. W. (1999). Relating building and classroom conditions to student achievement in Virginia’s elementary schools (Doctoral dissertation).

3. Perumean-Chaney, S. E., & Sutton, L. M. (2013). Students and perceived school safety: The impact of school security measures. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 38(4), 570-588.

4. Tanner-Smith, E. E., & Fisher, B. W. (2016). Visible school security measures and student academic performance, attendance, and postsecondary aspirations. Journal of youth and adolescence, 45(1), 195-210. Chicago

5. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. (2012). Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Spring 2011 Tornadoes: April 25-28 and May 22 (FEMA P-908). Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). retrieve from:

6. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. (1999). Building Performance Assessment Report. (FEMA 342). Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). retrieve from: