Movement and Circulation
From the supporting literature, schools should be designed in a way to control students movement, behavior, and safety. enough space for movement pattern, flexible classrooms, progressing technologies, and sustainable interior materials should be provided. One of the main elements identified to influence student outcomes is movement and circulation.
From the supporting literature, 1. crowding has an impact on privacy, personal space and individual’s behavior. 2. Providing enough space for social density should be emphasized. 3. There is an association between personal spaces and student behavior and sex differences. 4. The literature also explained that providing a social space that supports students and teachers connectivity makes community value and support education. 5. The literature discusses that there is a relationship between school facility design (personal space as an example) and students’ achievements.
From the supporting literature, providing movable partition in classrooms will provide more adaptable learning space, better multi-learning and multi-purpose spaces, and better enclose learning spaces. It helps students to have more freedom and learn from each other. On the other hand, some parts of the literature are not consistent with previous findings. The literature discussed that having movable partition will have a negative influence on the classrooms acoustic.
From the supporting literature, providing secured building entry (such as detectors and visible security measures) negatively associated with student safety feeling.
Interior Design Extra Features
From the supporting literature, 1. The design pattern including large group spaces influence learning. 2. Providing enough space for social density should be emphasized. 3. Providing indoor common area is necessary for decrease discomfort provided by interpersonal closeness.