Aesthetics Extra Features

Aesthetics Extra Features

General Building Condition (GBC)

The general condition of school buildings (inside and outside).

From the supporting literature (linked),

1. Poor building condition is associated with students absenteeism and that absenteeism in schools is associated with mold, moisture, ventilation, and vermin problems.

2. Physical building environment is associated with students’ achievements.

Building Age (BA)

The age of the school building since it had been constructed or renovated.


1. Blincoe, J. M. (2008). The age and condition of Texas high schools as related to student academic achievement. The University of Texas at Austin.

2. Durán-Narucki, V. (2008). School building condition, school attendance, and academic achievement in New York City public schools: A mediation model. Journal of environmental psychology, 28(3), 278-286.

3. Fisher, K. (2000). “Building Better Outcomes: The Impact of School Infrastructure on Student Outcomes and Behaviour”. Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Australia.

4. Lanham III, J. W. (1999). Relating building and classroom conditions to student achievement in Virginia’s elementary schools (Doctoral dissertation).

5. Schneider, M. (2002). Do School Facilities Affect Academic Outcomes? (ERIC Number: ED470979). (Sept. 12 2016): U.S. Department of Education.

6. Simons, E., Hwang, S. A., Fitzgerald, E. F., Kielb, C., & Lin, S. (2010). The impact of school building conditions on student absenteeism in upstate New York. American journal of public health, 100(9), 1679-1686.